François Achille LONGET

Classe di Scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali
Anatomista e fisiologo

Socio corrispondente dal 05/01/1845
Nato a Saint Germain-en-Laye (Francia) il 25/05/1811
Deceduto a Bordeaux il 20/04/1871

 

Biografia   

He was a student of François Magendie (1783-1855), and a pioneer in the field of experimental physiology. In 1853 he attained the chair of Physiology of the Faculty of Medicine in Paris. One one his better known students was German physiologist Moritz Schiff (1823-1896).

Longet is remembered for extensive research of the autonomic nervous system, and physiological experiments of the anterior and posterior columns of the spinal cord involving sensory and motor functionality. He also provided a detailed comprehensive description of nerve innervation of the larynx. With Jean Pierre Flourens (1794-1867), he performed pioneer experiments concerning the effects of ether and chloroform on the central nervous system in laboratory animals.

In 1843 with Jacques-Joseph Moreau (1804-1884), Jules Baillarger (1809-1890) and Laurent Alexis Philibert Cerise (1807-1869) he founded the Annales médico-psychologiques, which is a journal of psychiatry that is still in publication today.

 

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