Statute of the Academy of Sciences

(Decree of the Ministry of Cultural Heritages and Activities of 21 July 2000
and successive amendments)
   

I – OBJECTS AND STRUCTURE

 

art. 1

The Academy of Sciences of Torino – instituted in 1783 by Royal Patent issued by Victor Emmanuel III – professes the objects of: contributing to scientific progress; promoting research works and curating the publication of their results; contributing to the diffusion of knowledge by means of congresses, conventions, seminars, lectures and all other means deemed appropriate; providing expert opinions and formulating proposals for public institutions and private entities in its fields of competence. It provides its own regulations and performs its own institutional functions in an autonomous manner, in accordance with art. 33 of the Constitution of the Italian Republic and within the limits established by the legislation currently in force.

 

art. 2

The Academy is a legal person under private law. The Academy’s registered office is in Torino, Via Maria Vittoria, 3, in the Palazzo of the Accademia delle Scienze.

The Academy is a non-profit organisation. Excluded therefore are the distribution, direct and indirect, of profits, operating surpluses, funds, reserves or shares to Members, members of branches of government, employees and internal and external collaborators.

 

art. 3

The Academy is comprised of two Classes: the Class of Physical, Mathematical and Natural Sciences, and the Class of Moral, Historical and Philological Sciences. Each of the two Classes has a Director and a Secretary.

 

art. 4

The Class of Physical, Mathematical and Natural Sciences consists of twenty resident national Members, ten non-resident national Members, twenty foreign Members and one hundred twenty corresponding Members.

 

art.5
The Class of Moral, Historical and Philological Sciences consists of twenty resident national Members, ten non-resident national Members, twenty foreign Members and eighty corresponding Members.

 

II. MEMBERS

art.6
National Members, resident and non-resident, shall take part in the individual and joint Assemblies of the Classes, and are entitled to vote on all questions inserted in the Order of the Day.

 

art.7
Resident national Members have an obligation to participate in the individual and joint Assemblies of the Classes.

 

art. 8

National Members, both resident and non-resident, who are eighty years of age and over, while maintaining all membership rights, shall not be counted in the number of Members indicated in articles 4 and 5. The places that become available for this reason can be utilised for the nomination of new Members, in accordance with the procedures set forth in articles 42 - 48.

 

art.9

In order to evaluate the qualifications for resident or non-resident national membership, where the residence of the Member does not coincide with the legal address of his/her office, that of his/her office prevails. The non-resident national Member who assumes office in a location other than Torino shall thus be transferred to the category of non-resident Members, even in excess of the number of Members called for, until the next vacancy. Analogously, the non-resident national Member who assumes office in Torino shall be transferred to the category of resident national Members. For Members who have ceased all offices, the criterion of residence prevails.  The above measures of transfer are subject to the approval of the Class involved.

 

art.10
Foreign Members shall be chosen among eminent personalities in the diverse disciplinary fields.

 

art.11
The corresponding Members of each Class shall be divided into sections, on the basis of the scientific activity in which they are involved. The division into sections and the number of corresponding Members in each section shall be established by the joint Assembly of the Classes, on the proposal of the competent Class; the assignment of Members to sections, and when necessary, the variation of assignment, are subject to the approval of the Class involved.

 

art.12
Corresponding Members may be called upon to cover academic appointments in accordance with the procedures established in this present statute.

 

III. GOVERNING BODIES

art.13

The Governing Bodies of the Academy are:
a) The President;
b) The President’s Council;
c) The Treasurer;
d) The joint Assembly of the Classes;
e) The individual Assemblies of the Classes;
f) The Board of Auditors.


art.14

The President is elected by secret ballot by the joint Assembly of the Classes, in the person of a resident national Member, and remains in office for three academic years. The election is to take place by the month of June of the last year of the preceding three-year period, and is to receive solemn acknowledgment with a decree from the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities. The President is assisted, and in case of absence or vacancy, substituted, by a Vice-President, elected according to the same procedures and for the same term of office. In case of vacancy, the Vice-President will proceed with all alacrity to convene the Assembly to elect a new President.

 

art. 15

The President and Vice-President must be Members of different Classes. The President and Vice-President are eligible for re-election only once.

 

art.16

The President is the legal representative of the Academy, and shall: direct the activities of the Academy; convene and preside over the meetings of the President’s Council and the joint Assembly of the Classes; and see that the measures approved therein are carried out.

 

art.17

In case of absence or impediment of either the President or Vice-President, the functions relative to those offices are to be carried out by the Class Director with the greatest seniority as a national Member, and in case of equal seniority, by the eldest.

 

art.18

The President’s Council is comprised of the President, the Vice-President and the Treasurer, as well as the Directors and Secretaries of the two Classes. The meetings shall be considered valid when at least four Members participate in them. The Board of Auditors is invited to attend the meetings of the President’s Council.

 

art.19
The President’s Council is to be convened and presided over by the President, or in his/her absence, by the Vice-President, or by the Class Director with the greatest seniority; the function of secretary will be performed by the Class Secretary with the least seniority as national Member, and in the case of equal seniority, by the youngest.

 

art.20
The President’s Council shall oversee the conservation of the assets and administration of the Academy and coordinate its scientific activities; prepare the regulations to be subjected to the approval of the joint Assembly of the Classes; establish the preliminary budget and final budget; approve all of the questions submitted to it by the President. Such approval shall be based on the favourable vote of the majority of those present; in case of parity, the vote of the President prevails, or in his/her absence, that of the Vice-President or the president of the meeting.

 

art.21
The Treasurer shall be elected by secret ballot by the joint Assembly of the Classes in the person of a resident national Member, and also serves a term of three academic years. The Treasurer is eligible for re-election only once.

 

art.22
The Treasurer is responsible for the management of the assets and property of the Academy, and shall: administer it in conformance with the approval of the President’s Council; prepare the budget and submit it to the President’s Council, accompanying it with a detailed report; oversee revenue and expenses and the related accounting; countersign payment orders.

 

art.23
The joint Assembly of the Classes is constituted of the national Members, resident and non-resident, of the two classes. The function of secretary shall be performed by the secretary of the President’s Council, or in his/her absence, by another Member designated at the beginning of the meeting.

 

art.24
The joint Assembly of the Classes shall: deliberate and approve questions of a general nature concerning the activities of the Academy; elect the President, Vice-President and Treasurer; approve amendments to the Statute and its regulations; discuss and approve the preliminary and final budgets prepared by the President’s Council, accompanied by the report of the Board of Auditors; deliberate and approve all other questions submitted to it by the President.

 

art.25
The election of the President, Vice-President and Treasurer shall be undertaken with distinct votes for each office; the Member who obtains a number of votes equal to two-thirds of those voting shall be elected. Should no one receive the prescribed number of votes, the voting shall be repeated in the same session; if the second vote also fails to produce an outcome, the vote will be postponed for a month. In the case where the third vote fails to reach the prescribed number of votes, there shall be a second ballot between the Members who have obtained the most votes; the one who obtains the greatest number of votes shall be elected.

 

art.26
The Board of Auditors is comprised of three active members and one substitute, and remains in office for three academic years. Two of the active members shall be nominated respectively by the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and the Ministry of Economy and Finances; the third active member and one substitute are elected by the joint Assembly of the Classes, and both can be re-elected only once. The Board itself elects a president, who convenes and presides over the meetings. It shall act by majority of members.

 

art.27
The Board of Auditors shall: oversee the administrative management of the Academy and its conformance to the laws in force, the Statute and the regulations; and examine the preliminary and final budget, compiling a written report about them to be presented to the joint Assembly of the Classes. The Board of Auditors shall attend the meetings of the President’s Council.

 

art.28

The President’s Council members and member of the Board of Auditors exercise their function free of charge

 

art.29

The academic year shall begin on 1 November and end on 31 October. The Members elected to the offices of President, Vice-President, Treasurer, Class Director, Class Secretary and member of the Board of Auditors begin their terms on the first day of the academic year; in cases where their election occurs during the course of a three-year period, their terms shall begin on the first day of the following month.

 

 IV. ORGANISATION OF THE CLASSES

art.30
The individual Assemblies of the Classes shall be comprised of the national Members, resident and non-resident, of each Class.

 

art.31
The Assembly of each Class shall elect its own Director and Secretary; proceed to elect new Members; approve the transfer of national Members from the category of resident to non-resident and vice versa; approve the assignment of corresponding Members to the sections of the Class; carry out all the functions called for by the Regulations of the Academy.

 

art.32
The Director and Secretary of the two Classes shall be elected separately by the Assembly of the individual Class, and shall serve a term of three academic years: the election shall take place according to the same procedure outlined in article 25. The Director and Secretary are eligible for re-election only once.

 

art.33
Should the position of Director become vacant in the course of a three-year term, the most senior Member of the Class shall with all alacrity convene the Assembly for the election of a new Director.

 

art.34
The Director shall organise the activity of the Class, with the assistance of the Secretary, and shall establish the Order of the Day of the Sessions.

 

art.35
The Sessions of the Classes shall be convened and presided over by the Director; in his/her absence, the national Member with the most seniority as a Member shall preside; in case of equal seniority, the eldest shall preside.

 

V. SESSIONS

art.36
The Sessions of the Academy, both of the joint and the individual Classes, shall be distinguished in Sessions of Assembly which concern the administrative functions and adopt the approvals called for by the present Statute, and in  the scientific Sessions. Administrative Sessions are reserved for national Members; scientific Sessions are to be attended by all Members, as well as – when the Classes deem it appropriate – invited guests.

 

art.37
The Sessions of the joint and individual Assemblies of the Classes are valid when all of the Members who have the right to participate in them have been convened in writing, along with the Order of the Day, at least ten days before the date set for the meeting, and when they are attended by a majority of resident national Members, minus those who have provided justification in writing for their absence. The addition of a new item to the Order of the Day is permitted only if proposed at the beginning of the Session and unanimously approved.

 

art.38
The joint Assembly of the Classes shall be convened by the President at least twice per year, in the month of October for deliberation and approval of the preliminary budget, and in the month of April for deliberation and approval of the final budget. Other Sessions may be convened upon approval by the President’s Council, or upon request on the part of at least five national Members.

 

art.39
The approvals of the joint and individual Assemblies of the Classes shall be decided by an absolute majority of those present, except as required for the election of academic offices (articles 25 and 31), for the election of new Members (article 46) and for amendments to the Statute (article 66).

 

art.40
The scientific Sessions of the two Classes shall be held each month, except during holiday periods, on the basis of an annual calendar prepared by the President’s Council; all Members of the Academy may participate in them, and may report on research conducted by them or in progress, discuss short and long papers, and may also present to the Academy publications of their own or by others.

 

art.41
Minutes shall be prepared by the secretary for every joint and individual Session of the Classes. The minutes shall be jointly signed by the President of the Session and by the Secretary.

 

VI. ELECTION OF MEMBERS

art.42
The election of Members is the exclusive responsibility of the Assembly of the individual Classes. The related procedures shall be performed a single time for each academic year, and shall be carried out in the manner described in the articles that follow.

 

art.43
At the beginning of the academic year the President shall inform the Classes regarding the vacancies have occurred during the previous year and the places that have become available as indicated in article 8. On this basis each Class – after having attended to the possible transfers described by articles 8 and 11 – shall establish, for each Member category, the number of places it intends to fill, as well as the date of the Session in which the elections are to take place.

 

art.44
Previous to the first Session reserved for elections, each national Member shall be invited to formulate in writing his/her own proposals for filling the places. The proposals may contain, for each category or section, as many names as there are places to fill, plus two. The proposals must be submitted to the Secretary of the Class no later than the day before the Session.

 

art.45
Should the number of proposals submitted be fewer than a majority of the resident national Members of the Class, the Director shall postpone the counting of votes to another Session and establish a new deadline for the presentation of proposals.

 

art.46
Once the required number of proposals have been reached, the Director shall proceed to reading them. Those who have been proposed by at least three Members shall be considered valid candidates. The list of candidates shall then be communicated in writing to all national Members of the Class.

 

art.47
In the following Session the Class shall proceed to discussing the proposals and voting by secret ballot. The election of national and foreign Members requires a majority of four-fifths of those voting, while the election of corresponding Members requires a majority of two-thirds of those voting. Should not all the vacant places be filled, the vote is to be repeated immediately, in that same session, according to the same procedures.

 

art.48
Should the second vote also fail to produce a result, the voting shall be repeated one final time, in a new Session to be held at least one month later. The election to fill places that remain unfilled after this third vote shall be postponed to the next academic year.

 

art.49
The new Members shall become part of the Academy at the beginning of the month following the date of the election.

                 

VII. ARCHIVE, LIBRARY AND PUBLICATIONS

art.50
The Academy shall attend to the conservation, organisation and incrementation of the Archive and the Library.

 

art.51
The Academy shall publish annually: a Year Book containing the complete list of Members (in order of seniority); the  Atti and the Memorie of each Class; the text of lectures; the volumes containing the results of research and the proceedings of congresses, conferences and seminars sponsored by the Academy.

 

art.52
The Atti of each Class shall contain, in addition to the report of the President, the inaugural lecture of the academic year and the minutes of the Sessions, short papers by Members as well as papers by non-Members that are presented by one or more Members and approved by the Class. The Memorie shall be devoted to long papers of greater scope by Members and non-Members who have been similarly presented and approved by the Class.

 

art.53

Every paper, short and long, whether by a Member or a non-Member, shall be  subject to evaluation by a committee appointed for that purpose nominated by the Class to which it has been presented, which shall avail itself of anonymous reviewers, including non-Members, of its choosing, and compile a written report on the paper. Such report is subject to the approval of the Class. If favourably evaluated, the paper shall be published in the appropriate Academy publication.

 

art.54

The organisation of the Archive and consultation of the documents conserved there, the operation of the Library and access to its material, and the procedure for submitting texts destined for publication are governed by special regulations approved by the joint Assembly of the Classes on proposals of the President’s Council.

 

art.55
The Archive, Library and publications shall be overseen by – it being understood that, for this last, the individual Classes are responsible for the evaluation of merit – three distinct Commissions, nominated by the President’s Council for a three-year period. The composition of each Commission shall be established by the President’s Council. Each Commission shall be presided over by a resident national Member, and may contain national and corresponding Members of both Classes, as well as, when required, non-Members with special expertise.

 

VIII. PERSONNEL

art.56

For the execution of its institutional functions, the Academy shall avail itself of personnel assumed permanently or temporarily. The role, economic compensation and legal regime of personnel employed shall be determined by the President’s Council, in conformance with the laws and on the basis of labour contracts in vigour.

 

art.57

The activities of personnel shall be overseen by the Chancellor of the Academy, who answers to the President and the Treasurer. In the absence of the Chancellor, his/her duties shall be performed by the President or by a resident national Member designated by the President’s Council.

 

 IX. COMPETITIONS AND PRIZES

art.58
Upon the proposal of the individual Classes, or upon approval by the joint Classes, and within the limits of the budget, the Academy may announce  competitions and prizes regarding specific themes. The Academy may also announce competitions and prizes funded by legacies or by the institutional provisions of foundations and trusts under the Academy’s supervision, in accordance with the rules laid down at the time of their establishment.

 

art.59
The general procedures for the awarding of prizes, including the drafting of the announcement, the conditions for participation, and the procedure for the nomination of commissions, are governed by special regulations approved by the joint Assembly of the Classes on the proposal of the President’s Council.

 

art.60
The management of funds for prizes shall be overseen by a Commission nominated (and where necessary, integrated) by the President’s Council for a period of thee academic years. Such Commission is responsible, among other things, for safeguarding the maintenance of the real value of the assets deriving from foundations or legacies, or – if necessary – of proposing their suppression. The Commission shall be presided over by a resident national Member, and shall comprise Members of both Classes.

 

art.61
The announcements of competitions must be approved by the President’s Council, which is responsible for determining, upon the proposal of the Commission described in the previous article, the entity of each prize.

 

X. AMENDMENTS TO THE STATUTE

art. 62

The present Statute may be amended by the joint Assembly of the Classes with the favourable vote of two-thirds of those present, as long as these do not number fewer than half of the resident national Members. Proposals for amendments, formulated by article, can be presented by the President’s Council or by at least ten national Members. The text of such proposals must be sent to the Members of the Assembly together with the convening of the Session. The proposal shall be put to the vote in a following Session, which shall be convened within two months.

Amendments to the Statute are subject to the approval of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and the Ministry of the Economy and Finances, and shall become effective at the beginning of the month following their approval.

 

art. 63

Eventual profits or operating surpluses are to be destined exclusively to the development of institutional activities. In case of the dissolution of the Academy, its assets are to be devolved to another Italian Academy of national importance which pursues similar aims.

 

 

The present translation of this Statute into English is intended solely as a convenience to the non-English-reading public. Should any questions arise related to the accuracy of the information contained in the translation, please refer to the official Italian version of the document. Any eventual discrepancies or differences unintentionally created in the translation are not binding and have no legal effect for compliance or enforcement purposes.